SEO Fundamentals: How to Become an eCommerce Unicorn

SEO Fundamentals: How to Become an eCommerce Unicorn

If you think of successful eCommerce websites, the first two that come to mind are probably Amazon and eBay. These two eCommerce giants have become almost synonymous with online shopping. As a result, a lot of websites hoping to be successful fall into the trap of trying to mimic one of these.

It’s OK to think big but here I’ll explain some of the basics you need to get right before you can think about taking on the eCommerce behemoths.

SEO eCommerce Fundamentals

There are four fundamentals for any eCommerce shop that hopes to be successful in SEO. We sometimes call these “basics”, but that doesn’t mean they are easy. There’s no magic bullet. Optimizing your site can be hard work but if you do it well it will lay the foundation for success.

1. Index control

The concept of index control means building your website so that search engines like Google, and human users, can identify the different sections and categories on your site, and find what they are looking for. The first part of this is relevant for all websites – not just eCommerce – and is having a logical taxonomy. Your category structure should match what users are looking for and the way that they look for it.

Fortunately for eCommerce shops, Google offers a comprehensive categorization file that shows how products should be connected to one another and how they fit into different categories. Whenever Google makes guidelines like this available, it makes sense to listen. The easier it is for Google to crawl and evaluate your page, the better chance you have of seeing your pages high up the rankings.

Another aspect of index control that is particularly important in eCommerce is how you manage filter pages. URLs are potentially generated for every possible filter combination, which can mean millions of URLs that all have essentially the same content. Having all these indexed by Google is a big SEO no-no. It’s a far more effective to find out which URLs are most relevant to users – i.e. which product characteristics people are looking for – and only have those URLs in the Google index.

2. Internal linking

For any website, it’s important to have logical internal linking to show users and search engine crawlers around your site. In eCommerce, our ranking factors studies have repeatedly found that higher-ranking pages tend to have more internal links, guiding users to other URLs on the domain. This doesn’t mean every URL should link to every other URL – it means sensible, useful linking that enhances the user journey, encourages conversions, and maintains the flow of what we call link juice around your site. Marcus Tober put it nicely in a recent Q&A: “A [good] approach is to create a more hierarchical link structure, so that you can link to higher levels of other categories, but you don’t put links to unrelated sub- or sub-sub-categories on every page.”

3. Speed

Simply put, faster pages convert better. Customers don’t like having to wait around and the chances of an impulse purchase drop the longer it takes to complete a transaction. There are numerous examples of websites reporting increases in sales following an improvement in their page speed. More detailed information on the page speeds of eCommerce sites can be found in our recent Mobile Speed Study, and our blog series “The Ultimate Guide to Page Speed” provides countless tips for accelerating the user experience of your customers.

4. Mobile

The future may be full of voice assistants and intelligent fridge, but mobile is the present is very much mobile. 61% of traffic already comes from mobile devices – and this isn’t just window-shopping – over a third of eCommerce revenue comes from people converting on their mobile phones. Quite simply, optimize the mobile version of your site. This doesn’t just mean making sure it’s responsive. You have to go into the whole mobile experience – so that the entire browsing process through to checkout and providing product feedback is as smooth as possible. This is one thing (out of a million) that Amazon does really well and it’s a significant contributing factor to their success.

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